Consultancy & Research

Restore • Transform • Move


Clinician, Author, Researcher, Academic And Educator


Sarah started her research journey in 1995 and has 30 peer reviewed publications, and one textbook. She completed her PhD The Health of Movement - Recognising Movement Choices in Individuals for Long-Term Health at the Faculty of Environmental and Life Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, UK.

Sarah's PhD showcases how 25 years of clinical experience, research activities, education and technological innovations and application of movement methods, have shaped the concept that evaluating movement quality, specifically Movement Coordination Strategies, and restoring loss of movement choices, improves an individuals’ movement variability, affords a more robust movement system and ultimately improves the health of movement.

Since 2005 Sarah has been a Visiting Academic at the University of Southampton, UK, and holds an Associate Membership at the Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis Research Versus Arthritis (comprising 6-universities, led by Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham UK; Bath, Leeds, Loughborough, Oxford, Nottingham and Southampton).

The fundamental elements of restoring movement choices in individuals for long-term health ASSESS, INTERPRET and RESTORE are illustrated in this infographic, part of Sarah's PhD thesis.


Assess, interpret and restore with education and technology

Consultancy: Are you looking for a world-class testing and movement retraining system for long term robust movement efficiency of individuals and teams? Working with Comera Movement Science’s (link) education and technological innovations Sarah can facilitate the implementation of strategies for long term movement health

Application to elite sport

‘The Football Matrix (part of The Performance Matrix), is an excellent tool for identifying the loss of movement choices an athlete demonstrates under low and high threshold situations. Using this, in conjunction with clinical reasoning, helps support a comprehensive rehabilitation plan, targeting the conditioning of muscle synergies to diversify the movement choices specific to that athlete’. First Team Physiotherapist, Premiership Football

Application to a business model

‘The challenge for the modern practitioner is developing a clear clinical pathway that educates the client and helps them understand the importance of movement health. Through our integration of the Kinetic Control (KC) clinical reasoning framework to all our clinicians along with The Performance Matrix (TPM) assessment and retraining protocols clients can be educated about the importance of completing their treatment pathway. The ability to manage our client pathway has allowed us to develop a business model based on the latest movement science to clearly take our clients to the next level. The ability to put movement at the heart of our business model through KC and TPM gives us a cutting edge USP in the current marketplace, allowing our business to thrive.’
Business Owner Paul Goss, Body Logic Health


Sarah Publications Contribute To The Support Of The Assessment And Retraining Of Movement Quality, In Particular Movement Coordination Strategies For Long Term Health Of Movement And Quality Of Life 

Mottram, S. & Blandford, L. 2020. Assessment of movement coordination strategies to inform health of movement and guide retraining interventions. Musculoskelet Sci Pract, 45, 102100, 10.1016/j.msksp.2019.102100.

Mottram, S., Warner, M., Booysen, N., Bahain-Steenman, K. & Stokes, M. 2019. Retraining in a Female Elite Rower with Persistent Symptoms Post-Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome: A Proof-of-Concept Case Report. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol., 4, 10.3390/jfmk4020024.

Booysen, N., Wilson, D., Lewis, C. L., Warner, M. B., Gimpel, M., Mottram, S. L., Comerford, M. C. & M.J., S. 2019. Assessing movement quality using the hip and lower limb movement screen: development, reliability and potential applications. Journal of Musculoskeletal Research, 22, 10.1142/S0218957719500088.

Dingenen, B., Blandford, L., Comerford, M., Staes, F. & Mottram, S. 2018. The assessment of movement health in clinical practice: A multidimensional perspective. Phys Ther Sport, 32, 282-292, 10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.04.008.

Warner, M. B., Wilson, D., Heller, M. O., Wood, D., Worsley, P., Mottram, S., Webborn, N., Veeger, D. & Batt, M. 2018. Scapular kinematics in professional wheelchair tennis players. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon), 53, 7-13, 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2018.01.022.

Webb, A. L., O'Sullivan, E., Stokes, M. & Mottram, S. 2018. A novel cadaveric study of the morphometry of the serratus anterior muscle: one part, two parts, three parts, four? Anat Sci Int, 93, 98-107, 10.1007/s12565-016-0379-1.

Webb, N., Rowsome, K., Ewings, S., Comerford, M., Stokes, M. & S, M. 2018. A ‘Movement Screening Test’ of Functional Control Ability in Female Recreation Golfers and Non-Golfers over the Age of 80 Years: A Reliability Study. Journal Functional Morphology Kinesiology, 3, 10.3390/jfmk3040054.

Rowsome K, Comerford M, Mottram S, Samuel D & M, S. 2016. Movement control testing of older people in community settings: description of a screening tool and intra-rater reliability. Working Papers in the Health Sciences, 1, 1-12,

Mischiati, C. R., Comerford, M., Gosford, E., Swart, J., Ewings, S., Botha, N., Stokes, M. & Mottram, S. L. 2015. Intra and inter-rater reliability of screening for movement impairments: movement control tests from the foundation matrix. J Sports Sci Med, 14, 427-40,

Warner, M. B., Whatling, G., Worsley, P. R., Mottram, S., Chappell, P. H., Holt, C. A. & Stokes, M. J. 2015. Objective classification of scapular kinematics in participants with movement faults of the scapula on clinical assessment. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin, 18, 782-9, 10.1080/10255842.2013.847093.

Botha, N., Warner, M., Gimpel, M., Mottram, S., Comerford, M. & Stokes, M. 2014. Movement patterns during a Small Knee Bend test in Academy Footballers with Femoroacteabular impingement (FAI). Working Papers in Health Sciences 1, 1-5,

Struyf, F., Nijs, J.; Mottram, S., Roussel, N., Cools, A., Meeusen, R. 2014. Clinical assessment of the scapula: a review of the literature. Br J Sports Med, 48, 883-890.

Struyf, F., Nijs, J., Meeus, M., Roussel, N. A., Mottram, S., Truijen, S. & Meeusen, R. 2014. Does scapular positioning predict shoulder pain in recreational overhead athletes? Int J Sports Med, 35, 75-82, 10.1055/s-0033-1343409.

Roussel, N., De Kooning, M., Schütt, A., Mottram, S., Truijen, S., Nijs, J., Daenen, L. 2013. Motor control and low back pain in dancers. Int J Sports Med, 34, 138-143.

Struyf, F., Nijs, J., Mollekens, S., Jeurissen, I., Truijen, S., Mottram, S. & Meeusen, R. 2013. Scapular-focused treatment in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a randomized clinical trial. Clin Rheumatol, 32, 73-85, 10.1007/s10067-012-2093-2.

Worsley, P., Warner, M., Mottram, S., Gadola, S., Veeger, H. E., Hermens, H., Morrissey, D., Little, P., Cooper, C., Carr, A. & Stokes, M. 2013. Motor control retraining exercises for shoulder impingement: effects on function, muscle activation, and biomechanics in young adults. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 22, e11-9, 10.1016/j.jse.2012.06.010.

Helgadottir, H., Kristjansson, E., Mottram, S., Karduna, A. & Jonsson, H., Jr. 2011. Altered alignment of the shoulder girdle and cervical spine in patients with insidious onset neck pain and whiplash-associated disorder. J Appl Biomech, 27, 181-91,

Struyf, F., Nijs, J., Baeyens, J. P., Mottram, S. & Meeusen, R. 2011. Scapular positioning and movement in unimpaired shoulders, shoulder impingement syndrome, and glenohumeral instability. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 21, 352-8, 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01274.x.

Struyf, F., Nijs, J., De Graeve, J., Mottram, S. & Meeusen, R. 2011. Scapular positioning in overhead athletes with and without shoulder pain: a case-control study. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 21, 809-18, 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01115.x.

Struyf, F., Nijs, J., Horsten, S., Mottram, S., Truijen, S. & Meeusen, R. 2011. Scapular positioning and motor control in children and adults: a laboratory study using clinical measures. Man Ther, 16, 155-60, 10.1016/j.math.2010.09.002.

Helgadottir, H., Kristjansson, E., Mottram, S., Karduna, A. R. & Jonsson, H., Jr. 2010. Altered scapular orientation during arm elevation in patients with insidious onset neck pain and whiplash-associated disorder. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 40, 784-91, 10.2519/jospt.2010.3405.

Mottram, S. L., Woledge, R. C. & Morrissey, D. 2009. Motion analysis study of a scapular orientation exercise and subjects' ability to learn the exercise. Man.Ther., 14, 13-18,

Roussel, N. A., Nijs, J., Mottram, S., Van, M. A., Truijen, S. & Stassijns, G. 2009. Altered lumbopelvic movement control but not generalized joint hypermobility is associated with increased injury in dancers. A prospective study. Man.Ther., 14, 630-5, 10.1016/j.math.2008.12.004

Roussel, N., Nijs, J., Truijen, S., Vervecken, L., Mottram, S. & Stassijns, G. 2009. Altered breathing patterns during lumbopelvic motor control tests in chronic low back pain: a case-control study Eur Spine  J 18, 1066-73

Struyf, F., Nijs, J., De Coninck, K., Giunta, M., Mottram, S. & Meeusen, R. 2009. Clinical assessment of scapular positioning in musicians: an intertester reliability study. J Athl Train, 44, 519-26, 10.4085/1062-6050-44.5.519.

Mottram, S. & Comerford, M. 2008. A new perspective on risk assessment. Phys Ther Sport, 9, 40-51, 10.1016/j.ptsp.2007.11.003.

Nijs, J.; Roussel, N., Struyf, F., Mottram, S., Meeusen, R. 2007. Clinical assessment of scapular positioning in patients with shoulder pain: state of the art. J.Manipulative Physiol Ther. 30, 69-75.

Comerford, M. J. & Mottram, S. L. 2001. Functional stability re-training: principles and strategies for managing mechanical dysfunction. Man Ther, 6, 3-14, 10.1054/math.2000.0389.

Comerford, M. J. & Mottram, S. L. 2001. Movement and stability dysfunction-contemporary developments. Man Ther, 6, 15-26, 10.1054/math.2000.0388.

Mottram, S. L. 1997. Dynamic stability of the scapula. Man Ther, 2, 123-131, 10.1054/math.1997.0292.

Textbook: Comerford M, Mottram S. Kinetic Control, The Management of Uncontrolled Movement. Australia: Churchill Livingstone 2012.